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Eriogonum marifolium
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Marum Leaved Buckwheat
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Eriogonum marifolium

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About Marum Leaved Buckwheat (Eriogonum marifolium) Eriogonum marifolium is a species of wild buckwheat known by the common name marumleaf buckwheat. It is native to the Sierra Nevada and Klamath Mountains of California and the ranges' extensions into Oregon and Nevada. This is a dioecious mat-forming sub-shrub which grows on sandy mountain soils. It forms patches of wavy-edged pale green leaves and has erect, branching flower clusters reaching heights of anywhere from 10 to 40 centimeters. The male and female plants are often so different in appearance that they look like separate species. The male plant produces clusters of tiny pale yellow staminate flowers and the female individuals produce clusters of much larger bright yellow or red pistillate flowers.
Plant Description
Plant Type
Shrub, Perennial herb

Max. Height
0.33 - 1.3 ft (0.1 - 0.4 m)


Growth Rate

Flower Color
Yellow, Red

Flowering Season

Native Status

Natural Setting
Site Type
Sandy places

Part Shade

Elevation ?
1221' - 14090'

Annual Precip. ?
9.1" - 123.1"

Summer Precip. ?
1.02" - 4.16"

Coldest Month ?
7.4° F - 42.6° F

Hottest Month ?
31.1° F - 71.2° F

Humidity ?
0.42 vpd - 21.66 vpd

Soil Description
Prefers sandy soils


Landscaping Information
Common uses
Groundcovers, Butterfly Gardens, Bee Gardens

Nursery Availability
Never or Almost Never Available

Other Names
Common Names
Marumleaf Buckwheat

Sources include: Wikipedia. All text shown in the "About" section of these pages is available under the Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License. Plant observation data provided by the participants of the California Consortia of Herbaria, Sunset information provided by Jepson Flora Project. Propogation from seed information provided by the Santa Barbara Botanical Garden from "Seed Propagation of Native California Plants" by Dara E. Emery. Sources of plant photos include CalPhotos, Wikimedia Commons, and independent plant photographers who have agreed to share their images with Calscape. Other general sources of information include Calflora, CNPS Manual of Vegetation Online, Jepson Flora Project, Las Pilitas, Theodore Payne, Tree of Life, The Xerces Society, and information provided by CNPS volunteer editors, with special thanks to Don Rideout. Climate data used in creation of plant range maps is from PRISM Climate Group, Oregon State University, using 30 year (1981-2010) annual "normals" at an 800 meter spatial resolution.

Links:   Jepson eFlora Taxon Page  CalPhotos  Wikipedia  Calflora

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