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Eastern Mojave Buckwheat
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Eriogonum fasciculatum var. foliolosum
  

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About Eastern Mojave Buckwheat (Eriogonum fasciculatum var. foliolosum) Leafy California Buckwheat, (Eriogonum fasciculatum var. foliolosum), is one of the four recognized varieties of this widespread species, and the one most often seen in populated areas of southern California. However, it is fairly common throughout central and southern California along the coast and on western side of the peninsular range, where it grows on dry slopes, washes and canyons, at elevations from sea level to 5,200 feet.

This plant is tough and easy to grow, even in very dry conditions. Plant in a well draining sunny site. It shouldn't need supplemental water after established, but it will tolerate occasional summer water better than most extremely drought tolerant California natives. Form is is variable, ranging from more often open and upright in the foothills, to often dense and mounding closer to the coast. As the plant ages, it often develops a beautiful ropy red, brown and gray ropy woody trunk and interesting twisting structure. Produces profuse pink to white and cream-colored flowers as early as March that dry to a pretty red rust color as the soil dries. It sheds its dried flowers and significant portion of its small blade-like leaves each dry season, and is an important plant for creating natural mulch. California Buckwheats are a keystone species for sagebrush scrub ecosystems, and a great choice for wildlife and butterfly gardens.

For further detail please refer to the listing for the main species, Eriogonum fasciculatum.
Plant Description
Plant Type
Shrub

Max. Height
3 - 5 ft (0.9 - 1.5 m)

Max. Width
3 - 5 ft (0.9 - 1.5 m)

Form
Mounding, Rounded, Upright

Fragrance
Fragrant - Pleasant

Growth Rate
Fast

Dormancy
Evergreen, Summer Deciduous, Summer Semi-Deciduous

Leaves
Half inch long green blades, sometimes turning red-brown or even red when drought stressed.

Flower Color
Cream, Pink, White

Flowering Season
Summer
Spring
Summer
Fall
Winter


Native Status
Native

Natural Setting
Site Type
Dry slopes, often south facing as a common component of Coastal Sage Scrub. Inland it may be found in Valley Grassland.

Elevation ?
2' - 7232'

Annual Precip. ?
4.0" - 50.6"

Summer Precip. ?
0.14" - 2.20"

Coldest Month ?
34.9° F - 60.0° F

Hottest Month ?
60.5° F - 87.5° F

Humidity ?
0.43 vpd - 40.54 vpd

Soil Description
Adaptable

Soil PH
5 - 8

Drainage
Fast, Medium, Slow

Cold Tolerance(° F)
Tolerates cold to 15° F

Sunset Zones ?
5, 7*, 14*, 15*, 16*, 17*, 18*, 19*, 20*, 21*, 22*, 23*, 24*

Companion Plants
Wildlife Attracted
Many bird species, native bees, butterflies and other pollinators

Landscaping Information
Ease of Care
Very Easy

Water Requirement ?
Extremely Low, Very Low
Extremely Low
Very Low
Low
Moderate - High


Popularity
Moderately Popular

Max. Summer Water ?
No Summer Water, 1x/month
No Summer Water
1x/month
2x/month
3x/month
1/week
Keep moist


Mulch
Organic with Rocks

Pruning
Can handle hard pruning. If desired, prune back dead branches at the beginning of the dry season. This plant will often go completely summer deciduous if drought stressed, so avoid cutting back branches that appear dead during the summer. They'll often spring back to life with the start of the rains.

Pest Control
Few pests

Propagation ?
Reseeds fairly easily when sited properly. For propagating by seed: No treatment.

Common uses
Groundcovers, Bank Stabilization, Deer Resistant, Bird Gardens, Butterfly Gardens, Bee Gardens

Nursery Availability
Commonly Available

Other Names
Common Names
Red Topped Buckwheat, California Buckwheat


Sources include: Wikipedia. All text shown in the "About" section of these pages is available under the Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License. Plant observation data provided by the participants of the California Consortia of Herbaria, Sunset information provided by Jepson Flora Project. Propogation from seed information provided by the Santa Barbara Botanical Garden from "Seed Propagation of Native California Plants" by Dara E. Emery. Sources of plant photos include CalPhotos, Wikimedia Commons, and independent plant photographers who have agreed to share their images with Calscape. Other general sources of information include Calflora, CNPS Manual of Vegetation Online, Jepson Flora Project, Las Pilitas, Theodore Payne, Tree of Life, The Xerces Society, and information provided by CNPS volunteer editors, with special thanks to Don Rideout. Climate data used in creation of plant range maps is from PRISM Climate Group, Oregon State University, using 30 year (1981-2010) annual "normals" at an 800 meter spatial resolution.

Links:   Jepson eFlora Taxon Page  CalPhotos  Wikipedia  Calflora

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