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Ephedra funerea
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Death Valley Ephedra
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Ephedra funerea

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About Death Valley Ephedra (Ephedra funerea) Ephedra funerea is a species of Ephedra, known by the common name Death Valley jointfir or Death Valley ephedra. It is native to the Mojave Desert of California, Arizona and Nevada. It is named after a population in the Funeral Mountains, in Death Valley National Park. The Ephedra funerea shrub is made up of erect twigs which are gray-green when new and age to gray and cracked. There are tiny leaves at nodes along the twigs. Male plants produce pollen cones at the nodes which are up to 8 millimeters long, and female plants produce seed cones which are slightly longer and may grow on stalks.
Plant Description
Plant Type

Max. Height
4.9 ft (1.5 m)

Native Status

Natural Setting
Elevation ?
1204' - 5664'

Annual Precip. ?
3.6" - 11.0"

Summer Precip. ?
0.38" - 2.35"

Coldest Month ?
41.6° F - 55.9° F

Hottest Month ?
66.7° F - 85.2° F

Humidity ?
4.33 vpd - 40.16 vpd

Landscaping Information
Nursery Availability
Never or Almost Never Available

Other Names
Common Names
Death Valley Jointfir

Sources include: Wikipedia. All text shown in the "About" section of these pages is available under the Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License. Plant observation data provided by the participants of the California Consortia of Herbaria, Sunset information provided by Jepson Flora Project. Propogation from seed information provided by the Santa Barbara Botanical Garden from "Seed Propagation of Native California Plants" by Dara E. Emery. Sources of plant photos include CalPhotos, Wikimedia Commons, and independent plant photographers who have agreed to share their images with Calscape. Other general sources of information include Calflora, CNPS Manual of Vegetation Online, Jepson Flora Project, Las Pilitas, Theodore Payne, Tree of Life, The Xerces Society, and information provided by CNPS volunteer editors, with special thanks to Don Rideout. Climate data used in creation of plant range maps is from PRISM Climate Group, Oregon State University, using 30 year (1981-2010) annual "normals" at an 800 meter spatial resolution.

Links:   Jepson eFlora Taxon Page  CalPhotos  Wikipedia  Calflora

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