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Western Houndstongue Back to Plant Page
Cynoglossum grande

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About Western Houndstongue (Cynoglossum grande) Cynoglossum grande is a species of flowering plant in the borage family known by the common name Pacific hound's tongue. It is native to western North America from British Columbia to California, where it grows in shady areas in woodland and chaparral. On the forest floor of California oak woodlands typical plant associates are Calochortus luteus, Delphinium variegatum and Calochortus amabilis.It is a perennial herb producing an erect stem 30 to 90 centimeters tall from a taproot. The leaves are mostly located around the base of the plant, each with an oval blade up to 15 centimeters long held on a petiole. The flower cluster is a panicle of flowers on individual pedicels. Each five-lobed flower is bright to deep blue with white appendages at the center. It is 1 to 1.5 centimeters wide. The fruit is an array of four slightly bristly nutlets.
Plant Description
Plant Type
Perennial herb

Max. Height
1 - 3 ft (0.3 - 0.9 m)

The leaves are mostly located around the base of the plant, each with an oval blade up to 15 centimeters long held on a petiole.

Flower Color
Blue, Purple

Flowering Season
Spring, Summer, Winter

Native Status

Natural Setting
Site Type
Grows in shady areas in woodland and chaparral

Shade, Part Shade

Elevation ?
3' - 6943'

Annual Precip. ?
14.6" - 133.3"

Summer Precip. ?
0.20" - 3.85"

Coldest Month ?
36.9° F - 51.2° F

Hottest Month ?
53.5° F - 76.3° F

Humidity ?
0.01 vpd - 24.61 vpd

Soil Description
Prefers a deep fertile well-drained but moisture retentive soil. Succeeds in well-drained ordinary garden soil.

Soil PH
4.9 - 7.6

Sunset Zones ?
4*, 5*, 6, 7, 14, 15, 16, 17

Landscaping Information
Propagation ?
For propagating by seed: No treatment. (Emery and Frey 1971).

Common uses
Deer Resistant

Nursery Availability
Sometimes Available

Other Names
Common Names
Pacific Hound's Tongue

Sources include: Wikipedia. All text shown in the "About" section of these pages is available under the Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License. Plant observation data provided by the participants of the California Consortia of Herbaria, Sunset information provided by Jepson Flora Project. Propogation from seed information provided by the Santa Barbara Botanical Garden from "Seed Propagation of Native California Plants" by Dara E. Emery. Sources of plant photos include CalPhotos, Wikimedia Commons, and independent plant photographers who have agreed to share their images with Calscape. Other general sources of information include Calflora, CNPS Manual of Vegetation Online, Jepson Flora Project, Las Pilitas, Theodore Payne, Tree of Life, The Xerces Society, and information provided by CNPS volunteer editors, with special thanks to Don Rideout. Climate data used in creation of plant range maps is from PRISM Climate Group, Oregon State University, using 30 year (1981-2010) annual "normals" at an 800 meter spatial resolution.

Links:   Jepson eFlora Taxon Page  CalPhotos  Wikipedia  Calflora

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