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Cylindropuntia californica
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California Cholla
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Cylindropuntia californica

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About California Cholla (Cylindropuntia californica) Cylindropuntia californica is a species of cactus known by the common names California cholla, snake cholla, and cane cholla. Cylindropuntia californica is native to southern California and Baja California, where it grows in coastal sage scrub, chaparral, and other local habitat. Cylindropuntia californica is a sprawling cactus which can approach 3 meters in maximum height or width. The green or purple-tinged segments are narrow and cylindrical, surfaced in fleshy tubercles bearing many gray or reddish spines up to 3 centimeters long. The flowers are yellow, sometimes tinged with green or purple. The fruit is dry, leathery, greenish or yellow, and up to 2 or 3 centimeters in length. Varieties: Cylindropuntia californica var. californica - Santa Ana Mountains, Southern Coast, northern Baja California. Cylindropuntia californica var. parkeri - 700-1,900 metres (2,300-6,200 ft); Transverse Ranges, Peninsular Ranges, Colorado Desert-chaparral ecotone; northern Baja California.
Plant Description
Plant Type
Shrub, Succulent

Max. Height
9.8 ft (3 m)

Flower Color
Yellow, Purple, Red

Native Status

Natural Setting
Elevation ?
0' - 6082'

Annual Precip. ?
5.7" - 30.9"

Summer Precip. ?
0.18" - 2.95"

Coldest Month ?
34.3° F - 56.2° F

Hottest Month ?
63.2° F - 85.0° F

Humidity ?
1.58 vpd - 36.17 vpd

Landscaping Information
Common uses
Hedges, Deer Resistant, Bird Gardens

Nursery Availability
Never or Almost Never Available

Other Names
Common Names
Snake Cholla, Cane Cholla, Brownspined Pricklypear

Sources include: Wikipedia. All text shown in the "About" section of these pages is available under the Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License. Plant observation data provided by the participants of the California Consortia of Herbaria, Sunset information provided by Jepson Flora Project. Propogation from seed information provided by the Santa Barbara Botanical Garden from "Seed Propagation of Native California Plants" by Dara E. Emery. Sources of plant photos include CalPhotos, Wikimedia Commons, and independent plant photographers who have agreed to share their images with Calscape. Other general sources of information include Calflora, CNPS Manual of Vegetation Online, Jepson Flora Project, Las Pilitas, Theodore Payne, Tree of Life, The Xerces Society, and information provided by CNPS volunteer editors, with special thanks to Don Rideout. Climate data used in creation of plant range maps is from PRISM Climate Group, Oregon State University, using 30 year (1981-2010) annual "normals" at an 800 meter spatial resolution.

Links:   Jepson eFlora Taxon Page  CalPhotos  Wikipedia  Calflora

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