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Claytonia lanceolata
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Peirson's Spring Beauty
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Claytonia lanceolata

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About Peirson's Spring Beauty (Claytonia lanceolata) Claytonia lanceolata is a species of wildflower in the purslane family known by the common names lanceleaf springbeauty and western springbeauty. This plant is native to western North America as far south as New Mexico where it grows in foothills up to alpine slopes. It thrives in the rocky soil of alpine climates where the snow never melts. It is a perennial herb growing from a tuber one to three centimeters wide. It produces a short, erect stem reaching a maximum height of 15 centimeters. At its smallest the plant bears only its first two rounded leaves before flowering and dying back. Its thick leaves are helpful for storing water. If it continues to grow it produces thick, lance-shaped leaves further up the stem. The star-shaped flowers come in inflorescences of three to 15 blooms and they are white or pink, often with veiny stripes and yellow blotches near the base of each petal. The fruit is a small capsule containing 2 seeds, which are black and shiny. The Okanagon-Colville, Okanagon, and Thompson Native American peoples used the tuber of this plant for food and for animal fodder. There are 28 species of this plant spread across North America and East Asia.
Plant Description
Plant Type
Annual herb, Perennial herb

Max. Height
5.9 in (15 cm)

Flower Color
Pink, Yellow, White, Black

Native Status

Natural Setting
Site Type
Moist places


Elevation ?
1185' - 14019'

Annual Precip. ?
8.5" - 133.8"

Summer Precip. ?
0.50" - 4.10"

Coldest Month ?
9.1° F - 48.6° F

Hottest Month ?
32.8° F - 75.1° F

Humidity ?
0.40 vpd - 24.12 vpd

Landscaping Information
Nursery Availability
Never or Almost Never Available

Other Names
Botanical Names
Claytonia lanceolata var. peirsonii

Common Names
Western Springbeauty, Lanceleaf Springbeauty

Sources include: Wikipedia. All text shown in the "About" section of these pages is available under the Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License. Plant observation data provided by the participants of the California Consortia of Herbaria, Sunset information provided by Jepson Flora Project. Propogation from seed information provided by the Santa Barbara Botanical Garden from "Seed Propagation of Native California Plants" by Dara E. Emery. Sources of plant photos include CalPhotos, Wikimedia Commons, and independent plant photographers who have agreed to share their images with Calscape. Other general sources of information include Calflora, CNPS Manual of Vegetation Online, Jepson Flora Project, Las Pilitas, Theodore Payne, Tree of Life, The Xerces Society, and information provided by CNPS volunteer editors, with special thanks to Don Rideout. Climate data used in creation of plant range maps is from PRISM Climate Group, Oregon State University, using 30 year (1981-2010) annual "normals" at an 800 meter spatial resolution.

Links:   Jepson eFlora Taxon Page  CalPhotos  Wikipedia  Calflora

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