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Chylismia claviformis
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Chylismia claviformis

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About Browneyes (Chylismia claviformis) Chylismia claviformis is a species of wildflower known as browneyes or brown-eyed primrose. It is an annual plant growing from a basal rosette of long oval leaves and producing stems often exceeding half a meter in height. Atop the stem is an inflorescence of one to many primrose blooms, each with four white or yellow petals. The pistil may be quite long and has a bulbous stigma at the tip. The stamens are somewhat shorter and they bear long hairy anthers containing white or yellow pollen. The floral axis at the junction of male and female parts is bright red to maroon or brown. This species is found across western North America from the Pacific Northwest to northern Mexico. There are many subspecies:
Plant Description
Plant Type
Perennial herb, Annual herb

Max. Height
0.1 - 1.6 ft (0.03 - 0.49 m)

Flower Color
Yellow, White

Native Status

Natural Setting
Elevation ?
-274' - 9034'

Annual Precip. ?
2.0" - 37.4"

Summer Precip. ?
0.17" - 2.25"

Coldest Month ?
26.2° F - 63.3° F

Hottest Month ?
53.9° F - 90.1° F

Humidity ?
1.25 vpd - 48.59 vpd

Landscaping Information
Nursery Availability
Never or Almost Never Available

Other Names
Common Names
Brown-eyed Primrose

Sources include: Wikipedia. All text shown in the "About" section of these pages is available under the Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License. Plant observation data provided by the participants of the California Consortia of Herbaria, Sunset information provided by Jepson Flora Project. Propogation from seed information provided by the Santa Barbara Botanical Garden from "Seed Propagation of Native California Plants" by Dara E. Emery. Sources of plant photos include CalPhotos, Wikimedia Commons, and independent plant photographers who have agreed to share their images with Calscape. Other general sources of information include Calflora, CNPS Manual of Vegetation Online, Jepson Flora Project, Las Pilitas, Theodore Payne, Tree of Life, The Xerces Society, and information provided by CNPS volunteer editors, with special thanks to Don Rideout. Climate data used in creation of plant range maps is from PRISM Climate Group, Oregon State University, using 30 year (1981-2010) annual "normals" at an 800 meter spatial resolution.

Links:   Jepson eFlora Taxon Page  CalPhotos  Wikipedia  Calflora

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