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Celtis reticulata
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Western Hackberry
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Celtis reticulata

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About Western Hackberry (Celtis reticulata) Celtis reticulata, or Netleaf Hackberry, is a medium-sized tree native to North America. The tree was first described in the mid nineteenth century by observations in the lower elevations of the Rocky Mountains as well as observations in lower montane areas of Oregon. C. reticulata was one of the species analyzed in a pollen core samplng study in northern Arizona, in which the early to late Holocene flora association was reconstructed; this study in the Waterman Mountains demonstrated that C. reticulata was found to be present after the Wisconsinan glaciation, but is not a current taxon of this Pinyon-juniper woodland area. The leaves are eaten by a number of insects, particularly certain moth caterpillars.
Plant Description
Plant Type

Flower Color

Flowering Season

Native Status

Natural Setting

Elevation ?
45' - 5934'

Annual Precip. ?
4.0" - 28.6"

Summer Precip. ?
0.30" - 2.72"

Coldest Month ?
37.1° F - 52.1° F

Hottest Month ?
64.9° F - 78.0° F

Humidity ?
1.93 vpd - 32.54 vpd

Sunset Zones ?
1, 2*, 3*, 4, 5, 6, 7*, 8*, 9*, 10*, 11*, 12*, 13*, 14*, 15*, 16*, 17*, 18*, 19*, 20*, 21*, 22*, 23*, 24*

Landscaping Information
Ease of Care
Moderately Easy

Water Requirement ?
Moderate - High
Extremely Low
Very Low
Moderate - High

Propagation ?
For propagating by seed: 3-4 mos. stratification.

Common uses
Deer Resistant

Nursery Availability
Sometimes Available

Sources include: Wikipedia. All text shown in the "About" section of these pages is available under the Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License. Plant observation data provided by the participants of the California Consortia of Herbaria, Sunset information provided by Jepson Flora Project. Propogation from seed information provided by the Santa Barbara Botanical Garden from "Seed Propagation of Native California Plants" by Dara E. Emery. Sources of plant photos include CalPhotos, Wikimedia Commons, and independent plant photographers who have agreed to share their images with Calscape. Other general sources of information include Calflora, CNPS Manual of Vegetation Online, Jepson Flora Project, Las Pilitas, Theodore Payne, Tree of Life, The Xerces Society, and information provided by CNPS volunteer editors, with special thanks to Don Rideout. Climate data used in creation of plant range maps is from PRISM Climate Group, Oregon State University, using 30 year (1981-2010) annual "normals" at an 800 meter spatial resolution.

Links:   Jepson eFlora Taxon Page  CalPhotos  Wikipedia  Calflora

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