California Native Plant Society
Tap map to see plants native to location
Castilleja subinclusa
Please enter either the common name or the botanical name of any native California plant species to see it's plant record

Franciscan Paint Brush
  • Added Add to My Plant List
Castilleja subinclusa

Zoom To My AddressZoom To California Estimated Plant Range

About Franciscan Paint Brush (Castilleja subinclusa) Castilleja subinclusa is a species of Indian paintbrush known by the common name longleaf Indian paintbrush. It is native to California and Baja California, where it grows in a number of habitat types. It is divided into two subspecies which generally do not occur together; one is widespread across the mountains of the two states, while the other is limited to the coastline surrounding the San Francisco Bay Area. In general, this is a spreading perennial herb which can exceed a meter tall. It is gray-green to purple in herbage color, and usually hairy. The lance-shaped leaves are up to 8 centimeters long. The flower cluster is up to 40 centimeters long and is made up of long, pointed leafs tipped in bright red-orange to deep red. Between the colorful leafs appear lighter flowers, which are yellow-green to pinkish and hairy.
Plant Description
Plant Type
Perennial herb, Annual herb

Max. Height
2 - 4 ft (0.6 - 1.2 m)

Flower Color
Red, Orange

Native Status

Natural Setting

Elevation ?
10' - 8798'

Annual Precip. ?
6.7" - 76.4"

Summer Precip. ?
0.17" - 1.96"

Coldest Month ?
34.0° F - 53.4° F

Hottest Month ?
55.2° F - 77.9° F

Humidity ?
0.01 vpd - 27.98 vpd

Landscaping Information
Common uses
Butterfly Gardens

Nursery Availability
Rarely Available

Other Names
Common Names
Longleaf Indian Paintbrush

Sources include: Wikipedia. All text shown in the "About" section of these pages is available under the Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License. Plant observation data provided by the participants of the California Consortia of Herbaria, Sunset information provided by Jepson Flora Project. Propogation from seed information provided by the Santa Barbara Botanical Garden from "Seed Propagation of Native California Plants" by Dara E. Emery. Sources of plant photos include CalPhotos, Wikimedia Commons, and independent plant photographers who have agreed to share their images with Calscape. Other general sources of information include Calflora, CNPS Manual of Vegetation Online, Jepson Flora Project, Las Pilitas, Theodore Payne, Tree of Life, The Xerces Society, and information provided by CNPS volunteer editors, with special thanks to Don Rideout. Climate data used in creation of plant range maps is from PRISM Climate Group, Oregon State University, using 30 year (1981-2010) annual "normals" at an 800 meter spatial resolution.

Links:   Jepson eFlora Taxon Page  CalPhotos  Wikipedia  Calflora

Sign in to your Calscape Account X

Once signed in, you'll be able to access any previously saved plant lists or create new ones.

Email Address

Sign In

Copyright © 1999-2014 California Native Plant Society. All rights reserved.