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Castilleja pilosa
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Parrothead Indian Paintbrush
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Castilleja pilosa
  

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About Parrothead Indian Paintbrush (Castilleja pilosa) Castilleja pilosa is a species of Indian paintbrush known by the common name parrothead Indian paintbrush. It is native to the western United States from California to Wyoming, where it grows in mountain and plateau habitat across the Great Basin and surrounding regions. It is known from sagebrush scrub to high mountains in alpine climates. This wildflower is a perennial herb growing upright or along the ground with hairy stems up to about 35 centimeters long. It is quite variable in appearance. The inflorescence is made up of layers of greenish, purplish, or pink bracts sometimes edged in white. Between the bracts bloom the pouched yellow-green flowers with protruding stigmas. This wildflower is a perennial herb growing upright or along the ground with hairy stems up to about 35 centimeters long. It is quite variable in appearance. The inflorescence is made up of layers of greenish, purplish, or pink bracts sometimes edged in white. Between the bracts bloom the pouched yellow-green flowers with protruding stigmas. Varieties: There are several varieties of this species:C. p. var. longispica (longspike Indian paintbrush) - limited to Idaho, Montana, and WyomingC. p. var. pilosa - limited to California, Oregon, and NevadaC. p. var. steenensis (Steens Indian paintbrush) - endemic to Oregon
Plant Description
Plant Type
Perennial herb, Annual herb

Flower Color
Cream, Pink, White, Purple

Native Status
Native

Natural Setting
Elevation ?
177' - 13935'

Annual Precip. ?
5.6" - 121.9"

Summer Precip. ?
0.30" - 4.12"

Coldest Month ?
11.6° F - 50.3° F

Hottest Month ?
34.8° F - 76.2° F

Humidity ?
0.38 vpd - 29.37 vpd

Landscaping Information
Nursery Availability
Never or Almost Never Available


Sources include: Wikipedia. All text shown in the "About" section of these pages is available under the Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License. Plant observation data provided by the participants of the California Consortia of Herbaria, Sunset information provided by Jepson Flora Project. Propogation from seed information provided by the Santa Barbara Botanical Garden from "Seed Propagation of Native California Plants" by Dara E. Emery. Sources of plant photos include CalPhotos, Wikimedia Commons, and independent plant photographers who have agreed to share their images with Calscape. Other general sources of information include Calflora, CNPS Manual of Vegetation Online, Jepson Flora Project, Las Pilitas, Theodore Payne, Tree of Life, The Xerces Society, and information provided by CNPS volunteer editors, with special thanks to Don Rideout. Climate data used in creation of plant range maps is from PRISM Climate Group, Oregon State University, using 30 year (1981-2010) annual "normals" at an 800 meter spatial resolution.

Links:   Jepson eFlora Taxon Page  CalPhotos  Wikipedia  Calflora

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