Advanced Search Map Locator
Add Current Plant To List Edit Current Plant
My Plant Lists Nurseries Planting Guide Contact Calscape About Calscape
Tap map to see plants native to location
Order by Popularity Order by Common Name Order by Botanical Name
Show All Plants Show Only Plants in Nurseries
Grid view Text view
Scarlet Paintbrush Back to Plant Page
Castilleja miniata

Zoom To My AddressZoom To California Estimated Plant Range

About Scarlet Paintbrush (Castilleja miniata) Castilleja miniata is a species of Indian paintbrush known by the common name giant red Indian paintbrush. It is native to western North America from Alaska to Ontario to California to New Mexico, where it grows usually in moist places in a wide variety of habitat types. This wildflower is a perennial herb growing up to about 80 centimeters tall, slender and green to dark purple in herbage color. The lance-shaped leaves are 3 to 6 centimeters long, pointed, and coated in thin hairs. The flower cluster is made up of bright red to pale orange or orange-tipped leafs. Between the leafs emerge the yellow-green, red-edged tubular flowers.
Plant Description
Plant Type
Perennial herb

Max. Height
2.6 ft (0.8 m)

Flower Color
Red, Orange

Flowering Season

Native Status

Natural Setting
Site Type
Moist places

Part Shade

Elevation ?
15' - 14114'

Annual Precip. ?
3.4" - 158.0"

Summer Precip. ?
0.19" - 5.85"

Coldest Month ?
10.8° F - 59.5° F

Hottest Month ?
34.1° F - 86.6° F

Humidity ?
0.27 vpd - 37.64 vpd

Landscaping Information
Propagation ?
For propagating by seed: No treatment. Sow with seeds of an herbaceous perennial as some Castilleja species are obligate parasites. Bouteloua gracilis has been recommended as host.

Common uses
Butterfly Gardens

Nursery Availability
Rarely Available

Other Names
Common Names
Giant Red Indian Paintbrush

Sources include: Wikipedia. All text shown in the "About" section of these pages is available under the Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License. Plant observation data provided by the participants of the California Consortia of Herbaria, Sunset information provided by Jepson Flora Project. Propogation from seed information provided by the Santa Barbara Botanical Garden from "Seed Propagation of Native California Plants" by Dara E. Emery. Sources of plant photos include CalPhotos, Wikimedia Commons, and independent plant photographers who have agreed to share their images with Calscape. Other general sources of information include Calflora, CNPS Manual of Vegetation Online, Jepson Flora Project, Las Pilitas, Theodore Payne, Tree of Life, The Xerces Society, and information provided by CNPS volunteer editors, with special thanks to Don Rideout. Climate data used in creation of plant range maps is from PRISM Climate Group, Oregon State University, using 30 year (1981-2010) annual "normals" at an 800 meter spatial resolution.

Links:   Jepson eFlora Taxon Page  CalPhotos  Wikipedia  Calflora

Sign in to your Calscape Account X

Once signed in, you'll be able to access any previously saved plant lists or create new ones.

Email Address

Sign In