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Castilleja latifolia
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Monterey Indian Paintbrush
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Castilleja latifolia

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About Monterey Indian Paintbrush (Castilleja latifolia) Castilleja latifolia is a species of Indian paintbrush known by the common name Monterey Indian paintbrush. It is endemic to the coastline of California between the San Francisco Bay Area and Monterey County. Its range extends from about Point Reyes to Big Sur. It is a plant of the immediate coastline, growing in sand dunes and coastal scrub. This wildflower is a perennial herb growing up to about 60 centimeters tall and spreading into a shrublike form as it ages over the years. It is bristly and hairy with green, gray-green, purple or purple-tinted herbage. The fleshy leaves are rounded or oval and up to 2 centimeters long. The flower cluster is made up of layers of greenish leafs tipped with dull to very bright shades of red, orange, or yellow. Between the leafs appear the flowers, which are often similar in coloration. The fruit is a capsule up to 2 centimeters long.
Plant Description
Plant Type
Perennial herb, Annual herb

Max. Height
1.5 - 2 ft (0.46 - 0.6 m)

Flower Color
Orange, Green, Red

Native Status
Natural Setting
Site Type
Grasslands and open places


Elevation ?
-224' - 4744'

Annual Precip. ?
13.6" - 76.2"

Summer Precip. ?
0.19" - 1.92"

Coldest Month ?
41.4° F - 51.1° F

Hottest Month ?
55.2° F - 75.7° F

Humidity ?
0.19 vpd - 23.90 vpd

Landscaping Information
Common uses
Butterfly Gardens

Nursery Availability
Never or Almost Never Available

Sources include: Wikipedia. All text shown in the "About" section of these pages is available under the Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License. Plant observation data provided by the participants of the California Consortia of Herbaria, Sunset information provided by Jepson Flora Project. Propogation from seed information provided by the Santa Barbara Botanical Garden from "Seed Propagation of Native California Plants" by Dara E. Emery. Sources of plant photos include CalPhotos, Wikimedia Commons, and independent plant photographers who have agreed to share their images with Calscape. Other general sources of information include Calflora, CNPS Manual of Vegetation Online, Jepson Flora Project, Las Pilitas, Theodore Payne, Tree of Life, The Xerces Society, and information provided by CNPS volunteer editors, with special thanks to Don Rideout. Climate data used in creation of plant range maps is from PRISM Climate Group, Oregon State University, using 30 year (1981-2010) annual "normals" at an 800 meter spatial resolution.

Links:   Jepson eFlora Taxon Page  CalPhotos  Wikipedia  Calflora

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