California Native Plant Society
Tap map to see plants native to location
Add
All plants for California > Calochortus splendens >
Please enter either the common name or the botanical name of any native California plant species to see it's plant record

Loading....
Splendid Mariposa Lily
  • Added Add to My Plant List
Calochortus splendens
  

Zoom To My AddressZoom To California Estimated Plant Range



About Splendid Mariposa Lily (Calochortus splendens) Calochortus splendens is a species Liliaceae (Lily) family known by the common name Splendid Mariposa Lily. It is native to California and Baja California where it is found primarily near the coast, in foothills and valleys and on the west slope of the mountains. Growing from a bulb, it is usually found coming up among dense, low shrubs, herbs or grasses. It is a thin-stemmed lily with few leaves and bearing flowers singly or in flower clusters of up to four. Each flower is ringed with smaller, ribbonlike, curling leaves. The bowl-shaped flowers are of varying shades of blue, pink, purple, or lavender, with a spot of darker purple at the base of each petal. The flower may have numerous white hairs in the center and bright purple pollen. In the wild it blooms profusely following fire and then may not bloom again for years. In the garden do not expect it to bloom every year as flowering requires considerable expenditure of stored energy from the bulb.
Plant Description
Plant Type
Perennial herb

Max. Height
2.0 ft (0.6 m)

Max. Width
6 in (15cm)

Dormancy
Summer Deciduous

Leaves
Thin, strap-like, arising from the base

Flower Color
Pink

Flowering Season
Spring
Spring
Summer
Fall
Winter


Native Status
Native

Natural Setting
Site Type
Seasonally dry slopes, flats and canyons

Sun
Sun, Part Shade

Elevation ?
2' - 10070'

Annual Precip. ?
4.4" - 61.3"

Summer Precip. ?
0.15" - 3.65"

Coldest Month ?
26.3° F - 61.4° F

Hottest Month ?
52.4° F - 88.8° F

Humidity ?
0.80 vpd - 42.82 vpd

Soil Description
Found in sandy or clay soils near the coast, or gravelly soils inland

Drainage
Fast, Medium, Slow

Cold Tolerance(° F)
Tolerates cold to 10° F

Sunset Zones ?
1, 2, 3, 7*, 9, 14, 15, 16, 17, 18, 19, 20, 21, 22, 23, 24

Companion Plants
In the garden it works well with other geophytes such as Wild Onions (Allium sp.), Golden Star (Bloomeria sp.), Blue Dicks (Dichelostemma sp.), Brodiaea sp., Lilies (Lilium sp.), and Triteleia sp. Also works with native grasses and herbs, but avoid larger shrubs or the Calochortus may get lost in the understory.

Wildlife Attracted
Numerous insects especially bees

Landscaping Information
Ease of Care
Moderately Easy

Water Requirement ?
Very Low
Extremely Low
Very Low
Low
Moderate - High


Popularity
Rarely Used

Max. Summer Water ?
No Summer Water
No Summer Water
1x/month
2x/month
3x/month
1/week
Keep moist


Propagation ?
Best to buy bulbs, the larger the better. For propagating by seed: No treatment. Plants require 3-5 years from seed to produce flowers.

Nursery Availability
Rarely Available

Nurseries

Sources include: Wikipedia. All text shown in the "About" section of these pages is available under the Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License. Plant observation data provided by the participants of the California Consortia of Herbaria, Sunset information provided by Jepson Flora Project. Propogation from seed information provided by the Santa Barbara Botanical Garden from "Seed Propagation of Native California Plants" by Dara E. Emery. Sources of plant photos include CalPhotos, Wikimedia Commons, and independent plant photographers who have agreed to share their images with Calscape. Other general sources of information include Calflora, CNPS Manual of Vegetation Online, Jepson Flora Project, Las Pilitas, Theodore Payne, Tree of Life, The Xerces Society, and information provided by CNPS volunteer editors, with special thanks to Don Rideout. Climate data used in creation of plant range maps is from PRISM Climate Group, Oregon State University, using 30 year (1981-2010) annual "normals" at an 800 meter spatial resolution.

Links:   Jepson eFlora Taxon Page  CalPhotos  Wikipedia  Calflora

Sign in to your Calscape Account X




Once signed in, you'll be able to access any previously saved plant lists or create new ones.

Email Address
Password

Sign In


Copyright © 1999-2014 California Native Plant Society. All rights reserved.