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Brodiaea elegans
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Harvest Brodiaea
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Brodiaea elegans

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About Harvest Brodiaea (Brodiaea elegans) Brodiaea elegans is a species of flowering plant in the Themidaceae (Lily or Asparagus) family, cluster-lily genus, known by the common names Harvest Brodiaea and Elegant Cluster-lily. It is native to the mountain ranges of California and Oregon, where it grows in woodlands and meadows. In California it is found in the Coast Ranges, Klamath Range, Central Valley and Sierra foothills. This perennial grows from a corm and produces a stout stemlike flower cluster up to 50 centimeters tall. It bears showy flowers on pedicels up to 10 centimeters long. Each flower has six curving petals up to 3 centimeters long in shades of bright purple. In the center of the flower are white or pale purple sterile stamens known as staminodes; these are flat with pointed or toothed tips and between one half and one centimeter in length. Next to these are the fertile stamens topped with large anthers. In Northern California, Brodiaea elegans is one of the later blooming wildflowers, often seen in May and having a very long flowering season.
Plant Description
Plant Type
Perennial herb

Max. Height
1.6 ft (0.49 m)

Max. Width
.5 ft (0.2 m)


Flower Color
Blue, Lavender, Purple, White

Flowering Season
Spring, Summer

Native Status

Natural Setting
Site Type
Open grassy places, meadows, and clearings in woodlands and forests

Sun, Part Shade

Elevation ?
2' - 9083'

Annual Precip. ?
9.8" - 113.6"

Summer Precip. ?
0.19" - 3.37"

Coldest Month ?
25.7° F - 52.0° F

Hottest Month ?
47.5° F - 79.3° F

Humidity ?
0.09 vpd - 25.70 vpd

Soil Description
Does well in clay soil but can also tolerate garden soil

Medium, Slow

Companion Plants
Use with other geophytes such as Wild Onion (Allium hyalinum or peninsulare) or Yellow Mariposa Lily (Calochortus luteus). Also with annuals or herbaceious perennials such as Milkweed (Asclepias fascicularis or vestita), Owl's Clover (Castilleja exserta), Clarkia (Clarkia purpurea or unguiculata), Chinese Houses (Collinsia heterphylla), Royal Larkspur (Delphinium variegatum), California Poppy (Eschscholzia californica), Tricolor Gilia (Gilia tricolor), Lupine (Lupinus sp.),

Landscaping Information
Ease of Care
Moderately Easy

Water Requirement ?
Extremely Low
Very Low
Moderate - High

Propagation ?
Usually obtained by buying commercially available corms. For propagating by seed: No treatment. Plants from seed require 2-3 years to flower. To expand a population in your garden, dig mature corms in the fall and carefully divide the offset corms.

Common uses
Butterfly Gardens

Nursery Availability
Commonly Available

Other Names
Common Names
Elegant Cluster-lily

Sources include: Wikipedia. All text shown in the "About" section of these pages is available under the Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License. Plant observation data provided by the participants of the California Consortia of Herbaria, Sunset information provided by Jepson Flora Project. Propogation from seed information provided by the Santa Barbara Botanical Garden from "Seed Propagation of Native California Plants" by Dara E. Emery. Sources of plant photos include CalPhotos, Wikimedia Commons, and independent plant photographers who have agreed to share their images with Calscape. Other general sources of information include Calflora, CNPS Manual of Vegetation Online, Jepson Flora Project, Las Pilitas, Theodore Payne, Tree of Life, The Xerces Society, and information provided by CNPS volunteer editors, with special thanks to Don Rideout. Climate data used in creation of plant range maps is from PRISM Climate Group, Oregon State University, using 30 year (1981-2010) annual "normals" at an 800 meter spatial resolution.

Links:   Jepson eFlora Taxon Page  CalPhotos  Wikipedia  Calflora

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