California Native Plant Society
Tap map to see plants native to location
Add
Berberis nevinii
Please enter either the common name or the botanical name of any native California plant species to see it's plant record

Loading....
Nevin's Barberry
  • Added Add to My Plant List
Berberis nevinii
  

Zoom To My AddressZoom To California Estimated Plant Range




About Nevin's Barberry (Berberis nevinii) Berberis nevinii (syn. Mahonia nevinii) is an evergreen species of flowering shrub in the Berberidaceae (barberry) family known by the common name Nevin ' s barberry. This plant is endemic to southern California, where it is known from very few occurrences in the chaparral of inland canyons and foothills. It is a federally and state listed endangered species; there are thought to be about 500 individuals remaining, with half of those being naturally occurring plants. It is also widely cultivated in gardens and parks. This is an erect shrub approaching a maximum height of four meters. It has a dense foliage of dark green to bluish-green spiny-toothed, spear-shaped leaflets. It flowers in racemes of 3 to 5 bright yellow cup-shaped, layered blossoms. The fruit is a spherical reddish berry appearing in bunches. It is very cold hardy, heat tolerant, and can handle regular summer water. Because the leaves are quite spiny, it is best planted away from walkways.
Plant Description
Plant Type
Shrub

Max. Height
3.2 - 7 ft (1 - 2.1 m)

Max. Width
6 - 12 ft (1. 8 - 3. 7 m)

Form
Mounding , Rounded

Fragrance
Fragrant - Pleasant

Growth Rate
Slow

Dormancy
Evergreen

Leaves
Blue-Green leaves are prickly and unpleasant to handle without gloves , lending itself to use as a barrier plant.

Flower Color
Yellow, Green

Flowering Season
Spring
Spring
Summer
Fall
Winter


Native Status
Natural Setting
Site Type
Sandy gravelly soils, washes, usually below 2,000 ft. Nearest the coast it may be found in coastal sage scrub or chaparral. Inland in the Transverse Range or Peninsular Range it occurs in chaparral, desert transition or foothill woodland.

Sun
Part Shade, Sun

Elevation ?
220' - 5871'

Annual Precip. ?
10.2" - 35.3"

Summer Precip. ?
0.22" - 1.78"

Coldest Month ?
43.9° F - 55.1° F

Hottest Month ?
64.5° F - 81.2° F

Humidity ?
2.35 vpd - 29.55 vpd

Soil Description
Adaptable but prefers coarse well drained soil

Soil PH
6.0 - 8.0

Drainage
Fast, Medium

Cold Tolerance(° F)
Tolerates cold to 15 - 30° ; F

Companion Plants
Wildlife Attracted
Birds, Butterflies. Western Bluebirds are especially fond of the berries

Landscaping Information
Ease of Care
Moderately Easy

Water Requirement ?
Low
Extremely Low
Very Low
Low
Moderate - High


Popularity
Rarely Used

Max. Summer Water ?
2x/month
No Summer Water
1x/month
2x/month
3x/month
1/week
Keep moist


Mulch
Inorganic, Organic with Rocks

Pruning
Not necessary but can handle a hard pruning.

Propagation ?
For propagating by seed: 2.5 -3 mos. stratification.

Common uses
Hedges, Deer Resistant, Bird Gardens, Bee Gardens

Nursery Availability
Commonly Available

Other Names
Botanical Names
Mahonia nevinii

Common Names
Nevin ' S Barberry


Sources include: Wikipedia. All text shown in the "About" section of these pages is available under the Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License. Plant observation data provided by the participants of the California Consortia of Herbaria, Sunset information provided by Jepson Flora Project. Propogation from seed information provided by the Santa Barbara Botanical Garden from "Seed Propagation of Native California Plants" by Dara E. Emery. Sources of plant photos include CalPhotos, Wikimedia Commons, and independent plant photographers who have agreed to share their images with Calscape. Other general sources of information include Calflora, CNPS Manual of Vegetation Online, Jepson Flora Project, Las Pilitas, Theodore Payne, Tree of Life, The Xerces Society, and information provided by CNPS volunteer editors, with special thanks to Don Rideout. Climate data used in creation of plant range maps is from PRISM Climate Group, Oregon State University, using 30 year (1981-2010) annual "normals" at an 800 meter spatial resolution.

Links:   Jepson eFlora Taxon Page  CalPhotos  Wikipedia  Calflora

Sign in to your Calscape Account X




Once signed in, you'll be able to access any previously saved plant lists or create new ones.

Email Address
Password

Sign In


Copyright © 1999-2014 California Native Plant Society. All rights reserved.