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Argemone munita

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About Chicalote (Argemone munita) Argemone munita is a species of prickly poppy known by the common names flatbud prickly poppy and chicalote. This flower is native to California, where it is widespread throughout the western part of the state and its eastern deserts. Its range also extends into Baja California. This poppy bears its flowers on erect, spiny stems which can exceed a meter in height. The mint-green lobed leaves are also very prickly. The white poppy blooms have usually six crinkly petals, each up to 4 centimeters long. The center of the flower is surrounded by a dense ring of up to 250 small yellow stamens bearing the pollen. The fruits are spiny white capsules 3 to 5 centimeters long, each containing many small seeds.
Plant Description
Plant Type
Perennial herb, Annual herb

Max. Height
3.3 - 5 ft (1 - 1.5 m)

Flower Color
White, Green

Native Status

Natural Setting
Site Type
Open places


Elevation ?
-51' - 10045'

Annual Precip. ?
2.7" - 66.8"

Summer Precip. ?
0.15" - 3.42"

Coldest Month ?
25.0° F - 60.4° F

Hottest Month ?
50.7° F - 88.3° F

Humidity ?
0.96 vpd - 40.68 vpd

Sunset Zones ?
1, 2, 3, 7*, 8, 9*, 10, 11, 14*, 15, 16, 17, 18*, 19*, 20*, 21*, 22, 23, 24

Landscaping Information
Water Requirement ?
Very Low
Extremely Low
Very Low
Moderate - High

Propagation ?
For propagating by seed: Fire treatment

Nursery Availability
Sometimes Available

Other Names
Common Names
Flatbud Prickly Poppy, Flatbud Pricklypoppy

Sources include: Wikipedia. All text shown in the "About" section of these pages is available under the Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License. Plant observation data provided by the participants of the California Consortia of Herbaria, Sunset information provided by Jepson Flora Project. Propogation from seed information provided by the Santa Barbara Botanical Garden from "Seed Propagation of Native California Plants" by Dara E. Emery. Sources of plant photos include CalPhotos, Wikimedia Commons, and independent plant photographers who have agreed to share their images with Calscape. Other general sources of information include Calflora, CNPS Manual of Vegetation Online, Jepson Flora Project, Las Pilitas, Theodore Payne, Tree of Life, The Xerces Society, and information provided by CNPS volunteer editors, with special thanks to Don Rideout. Climate data used in creation of plant range maps is from PRISM Climate Group, Oregon State University, using 30 year (1981-2010) annual "normals" at an 800 meter spatial resolution.

Links:   Jepson eFlora Taxon Page  CalPhotos  Wikipedia  Calflora

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