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Stanford's Manzanita Back to Plant Page
Arctostaphylos stanfordiana

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About Stanford's Manzanita (Arctostaphylos stanfordiana) Arctostaphylos stanfordiana is a species in the Ericaceae (Heath) family known by the common name Stanford's manzanita. It is endemic to California, where it is known from the outer North Coast Ranges north of the San Francisco Bay Area. This is a bushy shrub growing one half meter to two meters in height. Leaves are oblong to widely lance-shaped, shiny green, and up to 5 centimeters long. The flower cluster is a loose cluster of urn-shaped manzanita flowers which are pink, with some so pale that they are nearly white. The fruit is an oblong drupe about 7 millimeters wide. In the garden this Manzanita is very versatile, being tolerant of a variety of soils (including serpentine) and climates. It has especially attractive bark. Baker's Manzanita was formerly considered a subspecies of stanfordiana, and some sources may still refer to it that way; however, Arctostaphylos bakeri is now considered a separate species. Stanfordiana still has 2 recognized subspecies, decumbens and raichei, both of which are rare in the wild.
Plant Description
Plant Type

Max. Height
1.6 - 7 ft (0.49 - 2.1 m)

Max. Width
6 ft (1.8 m)



Flower Color
Pink, White

Flowering Season
Spring, Winter

Native Status

Natural Setting
Site Type
Slopes, ridges and canyons of the northern Coast Ranges

Part Shade

Elevation ?
39' - 6808'

Annual Precip. ?
23.1" - 123.6"

Summer Precip. ?
0.32" - 3.72"

Coldest Month ?
36.1° F - 49.6° F

Hottest Month ?
53.4° F - 74.3° F

Humidity ?
0.39 vpd - 23.60 vpd

Soil Description
Tolerates clay soil

Soil PH
5.0 - 7.5

Soil Toxicity Tolerance
Tolerates Serpentine Soil

Medium, Slow

Cold Tolerance(° F)
Tolerates cold to 5° F

Companion Plants
In the wild it occurs with California Barberry (Berberis pinnata), various Ceanothus sp., California Coffeeberry (Frangula californica), Silktassel (Garrya elliptica or fremontii), Oceanspray (Holodiscus discolor), Tanoak (Notholithocarpus densiflorus), Gooseberry (Ribes sp.), Snowberry (Symphoricarpos sp.), and California Wild Grape (Vitis californica). Can also be used with virtually any native chaparral plants

Wildlife Attracted
Numerous insects are attracted to Manzanita flowers. Birds and small mammals are attracted to the fruits.

Landscaping Information
Ease of Care
Moderately Easy

Water Requirement ?
Very Low, Low
Extremely Low
Very Low
Moderate - High

Moderately Popular

Max. Summer Water ?
No Summer Water
Keep moist

Organic with Rocks

Takes pruning well and can be shaped into a hedge. Prune in late summer to avoid infection

Propagation ?
Seeds or cuttings

Common uses
Hedges, Bird Gardens, Hummingbird Gardens, Bee Gardens

Nursery Availability
Commonly Available

Sources include: Wikipedia. All text shown in the "About" section of these pages is available under the Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License. Plant observation data provided by the participants of the California Consortia of Herbaria, Sunset information provided by Jepson Flora Project. Propogation from seed information provided by the Santa Barbara Botanical Garden from "Seed Propagation of Native California Plants" by Dara E. Emery. Sources of plant photos include CalPhotos, Wikimedia Commons, and independent plant photographers who have agreed to share their images with Calscape. Other general sources of information include Calflora, CNPS Manual of Vegetation Online, Jepson Flora Project, Las Pilitas, Theodore Payne, Tree of Life, The Xerces Society, and information provided by CNPS volunteer editors, with special thanks to Don Rideout. Climate data used in creation of plant range maps is from PRISM Climate Group, Oregon State University, using 30 year (1981-2010) annual "normals" at an 800 meter spatial resolution.

Links:   Jepson eFlora Taxon Page  CalPhotos  Wikipedia  Calflora

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