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Parry Manzanita
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Arctostaphylos parryana
  

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About Parry Manzanita (Arctostaphylos parryana) Arctostaphylos parryana is a species in the Ericaceae (Heath) family known by the common name Parry manzanita. This shrub is endemic to California, where it grows in the western section of the Transverse Ranges, from coastal Santa Barbara County to the San Gabriel Mountains, western Riverside County and San Diego County. This is an erect manzanita, standing on red-barked stems and reaching up to two meters in height. The leaves are bright green, generally oval in shape and pointed. The small pink-tinted white flowers are borne in densely-bunched flower clusters, but it does not produce as many flowers as some other species of Manzanita. The fruit is a rounded drupe which contains two or more seeds which have fused into one body. It does not produce a basal burl and so may be killed by fire. This is a manzanita of mid-elevation chaparral and coniferous forest ecosystems, between 3,000 and 7,500 ft. The fruit was a food of the Luiseno native people of Southern California. There are four recognized subspecies, of which ssp. tumescens is a considered rare.
Plant Description
Plant Type
Shrub

Max. Height
6 ft (1.8 m)

Max. Width
9 ft (2.7 m)

Form
Mounding

Fragrance
None

Growth Rate
Moderate

Dormancy
Evergreen

Flower Color
Pink, White

Flowering Season
Spring, Winter
Spring
Summer
Fall
Winter


Native Status
Native

Natural Setting
Site Type
Dry, rocky slopes of middle elevations in southern California mountains where freezing temperatures and snow are common in winter.

Sun
Part Shade, Sun

Elevation ?
506' - 9849'

Annual Precip. ?
4.9" - 52.0"

Summer Precip. ?
0.27" - 3.21"

Coldest Month ?
30.5° F - 58.8° F

Hottest Month ?
53.1° F - 87.5° F

Humidity ?
1.25 vpd - 38.31 vpd

Soil Description
Typically rocky or gravelly. Tolerates high boron content.

Soil PH
6.0 - 7.8

Drainage
Fast

Cold Tolerance(° F)
Tolerates cold to -20° F

Sunset Zones ?
2, 3, 15, 16, 18

Companion Plants
Use with Pines such as Pinus monophylla, P. jeffreyi, or P. ponderosa; Flannelbush (Fremontodendron californicum), Oaks such as Quercus xalvordiana or Q. chrysolepis, and Mountain Mahogany (Cercocarpus betuloides).

Wildlife Attracted
Hummingbirds are attracted to the flowers. Various other birds are attracted to the fruits.

Landscaping Information
Water Requirement ?
Very Low
Extremely Low
Very Low
Low
Moderate - High


Popularity
Seldom Used

Max. Summer Water ?
1x/month
No Summer Water
1x/month
2x/month
3x/month
1/week
Keep moist


Mulch
Organic with Rocks

Pruning
Prune dead branches in late summer

Common uses
Hedges, Bird Gardens, Hummingbird Gardens, Bee Gardens

Nursery Availability
Sometimes Available

Nurseries
Other Names
Common Names
Snow Lodge Manzanita


Sources include: Wikipedia. All text shown in the "About" section of these pages is available under the Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License. Plant observation data provided by the participants of the California Consortia of Herbaria, Sunset information provided by Jepson Flora Project. Propogation from seed information provided by the Santa Barbara Botanical Garden from "Seed Propagation of Native California Plants" by Dara E. Emery. Sources of plant photos include CalPhotos, Wikimedia Commons, and independent plant photographers who have agreed to share their images with Calscape. Other general sources of information include Calflora, CNPS Manual of Vegetation Online, Jepson Flora Project, Las Pilitas, Theodore Payne, Tree of Life, The Xerces Society, and information provided by CNPS volunteer editors, with special thanks to Don Rideout. Climate data used in creation of plant range maps is from PRISM Climate Group, Oregon State University, using 30 year (1981-2010) annual "normals" at an 800 meter spatial resolution.

Links:   Jepson eFlora Taxon Page  CalPhotos  Wikipedia  Calflora

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