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Arctostaphylos mewukka

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About Indian Manzanita (Arctostaphylos mewukka) Arctostaphylos mewukka is a species in the Ericaceae (Heath) family known by the common name Indian manzanita. It is endemic to the Sierra Nevada of California, where it grows in the mountain chaparral in the temperate coniferous forests of the range. This is a mostly hairless shrub growing to heights between 1 and 4 meters, with or without a burl at the base. Leaves are variable in shape, from nearly round to widely lance-shaped, up to 7 centimeters long, and dull, smooth, and sometimes waxy in texture. The flower cluster is a loose cluster of urn-shaped manzanita flowers. The fruit is a dark reddish-brown spherical drupe up to 1.6 centimeters wide.
Plant Description
Plant Type

Max. Height
3 - 13.1 ft (0.9 - 4 m)


Flower Color
White, Red

Native Status

Natural Setting
Site Type
Mountain chaparral

Sun, Part Shade

Elevation ?
163' - 10807'

Annual Precip. ?
10.2" - 88.2"

Summer Precip. ?
0.17" - 2.09"

Coldest Month ?
28.2° F - 51.3° F

Hottest Month ?
49.8° F - 76.1° F

Humidity ?
1.16 vpd - 25.72 vpd

Soil PH
5.0 - 7.0

Cold Tolerance(° F)
Tolerates cold to 0° F

Landscaping Information
Seldom Used

Common uses
Hummingbird Gardens, Bee Gardens

Nursery Availability
Never or Almost Never Available

Sources include: Wikipedia. All text shown in the "About" section of these pages is available under the Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License. Plant observation data provided by the participants of the California Consortia of Herbaria, Sunset information provided by Jepson Flora Project. Propogation from seed information provided by the Santa Barbara Botanical Garden from "Seed Propagation of Native California Plants" by Dara E. Emery. Sources of plant photos include CalPhotos, Wikimedia Commons, and independent plant photographers who have agreed to share their images with Calscape. Other general sources of information include Calflora, CNPS Manual of Vegetation Online, Jepson Flora Project, Las Pilitas, Theodore Payne, Tree of Life, The Xerces Society, and information provided by CNPS volunteer editors, with special thanks to Don Rideout. Climate data used in creation of plant range maps is from PRISM Climate Group, Oregon State University, using 30 year (1981-2010) annual "normals" at an 800 meter spatial resolution.

Links:   Jepson eFlora Taxon Page  CalPhotos  Wikipedia  Calflora

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