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Arctostaphylos edmundsii
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Little Sur Manzanita
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Arctostaphylos edmundsii
  

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About Little Sur Manzanita (Arctostaphylos edmundsii) A species of manzanita known by the common name Little Sur manzanita. This shrub is endemic to California where it grows on the coastal bluffs of Monterey County. This is a petite, low-lying manzanita which forms mounds and patchy mats in sandy soil. The leathery leaves are small and rounded to oval, dark green and shiny when mature and red-edged when new. The flower clusters are dense with flowers, which are small, urn-shaped to rounded, and waxy white to very pale pink. The fruit is a shiny, reddish-brown drupe between one half and one centimeter wide.

Little Sur Manzanita prefers sun with a little afternoon shade. It likes sandy soils and beach sand, and will tolerate clay and adobe. It is great for a coastal garden, but doesn't do well with direct salt spray. There are a number of available cultivars including 'Carmel Sur', 'Danville', and 'Indian Hill'.
Plant Description
Plant Type
Shrub

Max. Height
0.25 - 4 ft (0.08 - 1.2 m)

Max. Width
3 - 12 ft (0.9 - 3.7 m)

Form
Spreading

Fragrance
Slight

Growth Rate
Fast

Dormancy
Evergreen

Leaves
Blade 1-2.5 cm long, 1-1.5 cm wide, dark green, shiny and slightly hairy.

Flower Color
Pink, White, Red

Flowering Season
Spring, Winter
Spring
Summer
Fall
Winter


Native Status
Native

Natural Setting
Site Type
The natural setting of this plant in the wild is sandy coastal bluffs and back dunes along a very small portion of Monterey County where it is a component of northern coastal scrub and chaparral

Sun
Part Shade, Sun

Elevation ?
20' - 842'

Annual Precip. ?
16.6" - 31.6"

Summer Precip. ?
0.23" - 0.32"

Coldest Month ?
46.1° F - 50.4° F

Hottest Month ?
61.0° F - 71.9° F

Humidity ?
1.05 vpd - 16.99 vpd

Soil Description
Normally prefers sandy soil but tolerates clay

Soil Texture
Sandy Clay

Soil PH
5.0 - 7.5

Drainage
Fast, Medium, Slow

Cold Tolerance(° F)
Tolerates cold to 10° F

Wildlife Attracted
Hummingbirds are attracted to the flowers. Other birds are attracted to the fruits.

Landscaping Information
Ease of Care
Very Easy

Water Requirement ?
Very Low
Extremely Low
Very Low
Low
Moderate - High


Popularity
Moderately Popular

Max. Summer Water ?
2x/month
No Summer Water
1x/month
2x/month
3x/month
1/week
Keep moist


Mulch
Organic with Rocks

Pruning
Remove dead branches, but otherwise avoid unnecessary pruning.

Pest Control
Prone a naturally occurring fungal pathogen which causes branch die back. Be sure to sterilize pruning shears between cuts to prevent the spread of the disease.

Propagation ?
Propagation by seed is possible, but can be difficult and scarification followed by stratification can improve germination rates. You may also propagate this plant by softwood cuttings.

Common uses
Bank Stabilization, Groundcovers, Bird Gardens, Deer Resistant, Hummingbird Gardens, Bee Gardens

Nursery Availability
Commonly Available


Sources include: Wikipedia. All text shown in the "About" section of these pages is available under the Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License. Plant observation data provided by the participants of the California Consortia of Herbaria, Sunset information provided by Jepson Flora Project. Propogation from seed information provided by the Santa Barbara Botanical Garden from "Seed Propagation of Native California Plants" by Dara E. Emery. Sources of plant photos include CalPhotos, Wikimedia Commons, and independent plant photographers who have agreed to share their images with Calscape. Other general sources of information include Calflora, CNPS Manual of Vegetation Online, Jepson Flora Project, Las Pilitas, Theodore Payne, Tree of Life, The Xerces Society, and information provided by CNPS volunteer editors, with special thanks to Don Rideout. Climate data used in creation of plant range maps is from PRISM Climate Group, Oregon State University, using 30 year (1981-2010) annual "normals" at an 800 meter spatial resolution.

Links:   Jepson eFlora Taxon Page  CalPhotos  Wikipedia  Calflora

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