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Arctostaphylos columbiana
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Hairy Manzanita
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Arctostaphylos columbiana
  

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About Hairy Manzanita (Arctostaphylos columbiana) Arctostaphylos columbiana is a species of manzanita known by the common name hairy manzanita. It is native to the coast of western North America from northern California to British Columbia. This large manzanita is a treelike shrub occasionally reaching heights of up to ten meters. It is erect with hairy branches, the smaller twigs bearing long bristles tipped with sticky glands. The leaves are oval-shaped and may be 6 centimeters long and 3 wide, dull green, fuzzy, and hairy on both surfaces. The small, white, urn-shaped flowers are borne in bunched flower clusters. The fruit is a red drupe about a centimeter in diameter. The seed requires either fire or consumption by animals in order for germination to occur. This manzanita grows in forested areas and has been known to become a weed on Christmas tree farms.
Plant Description
Plant Type
Shrub

Max. Height
6 - 33 ft (1.8 - 10.1 m)

Growth Rate
Slow

Dormancy
Evergreen

Flower Color
White, Green, Red

Flowering Season
Spring, Winter
Spring
Summer
Fall
Winter


Native Status
Native

Natural Setting
Site Type
Rocky slopes

Sun
Part Shade

Elevation ?
-211' - 4710'

Annual Precip. ?
12.3" - 140.1"

Summer Precip. ?
0.17" - 4.91"

Coldest Month ?
33.9° F - 52.7° F

Hottest Month ?
56.7° F - 73.9° F

Humidity ?
0.01 vpd - 24.19 vpd

Soil Description
Adaptable, tolerant of sand, loam and clay

Drainage
Fast

Sunset Zones ?
4, 5, 7, 14, 15, 16, 17

Landscaping Information
Water Requirement ?
Very Low
Extremely Low
Very Low
Low
Moderate - High


Common uses
Bird Gardens, Hummingbird Gardens, Bee Gardens

Nursery Availability
Sometimes Available


Sources include: Wikipedia. All text shown in the "About" section of these pages is available under the Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License. Plant observation data provided by the participants of the California Consortia of Herbaria, Sunset information provided by Jepson Flora Project. Propogation from seed information provided by the Santa Barbara Botanical Garden from "Seed Propagation of Native California Plants" by Dara E. Emery. Sources of plant photos include CalPhotos, Wikimedia Commons, and independent plant photographers who have agreed to share their images with Calscape. Other general sources of information include Calflora, CNPS Manual of Vegetation Online, Jepson Flora Project, Las Pilitas, Theodore Payne, Tree of Life, The Xerces Society, and information provided by CNPS volunteer editors, with special thanks to Don Rideout. Climate data used in creation of plant range maps is from PRISM Climate Group, Oregon State University, using 30 year (1981-2010) annual "normals" at an 800 meter spatial resolution.

Links:   Jepson eFlora Taxon Page  CalPhotos  Wikipedia  Calflora

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