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Apocynum androsaemifolium
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Bitter Dogbane
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Apocynum androsaemifolium

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About Bitter Dogbane (Apocynum androsaemifolium) Apocynum androsaemifolium (Fly-trap dogbane, Spreading dogbane) is a flowering plant in the Gentianales order. The plant is common in North America, and is widespread across most of the United States and Canada, and in Alaska, California, and Northeast Mexico. Apocynum androsaemifolium has branching stems, hairs on the underside of the leaves, and no hair on the stems. Milky sap appears on broken stems. Leaf margin is entire and leaf venation is alternate. Its leaves appear as pointed ovals, while its flowers appear terminally on a stalk. The plant is poisonous, due to the cardiac glycosides it contains. Subspecies and Varieties: Subspecies and varieties include: Apocynum androsaemifolium subsp. androsaemifolium - E Canada, W United StatesApocynum androsaemifolium var. griseum (Greene) B g. & Belosersky - Ontario, British Columbia, Washington State, Oregon, Idaho, Indiana, MichiganApocynum androsaemifolium var. incanum A. DC. - widespread in Canada, United States, NE MexicoApocynum androsaemifolium var. intermedium Woodson - ColoradoApocynum androsaemifolium subsp. pumilum (A. Gray) B. Boivin - British Columbia, Washington State, Oregon, Idaho, California, Utah, Montana, Wyoming, NevadaApocynum androsaemifolium var. tomentellum (Greene) B. Boivin - British Columbia, Washington State, Oregon, Idaho, California, NevadaApocynum androsaemifolium var. woodsonii B. Boivin - Alberta, British Columbia, Washington State, Wyoming, Nevada, Idaho
Plant Description
Plant Type
Perennial herb

Flower Color

Native Status

Natural Setting
Site Type
Open slopes, and rocky places

Shade, Part Shade

Elevation ?
47' - 14092'

Annual Precip. ?
9.7" - 153.2"

Summer Precip. ?
0.23" - 5.58"

Coldest Month ?
10.8° F - 53.3° F

Hottest Month ?
34.1° F - 78.3° F

Humidity ?
0.44 vpd - 25.50 vpd

Sunset Zones ?
1*, 2*, 3*, 4, 5, 6, 7*, 14, 15, 16, 17, 18, 20, 21

Landscaping Information
Nursery Availability
Never or Almost Never Available

Other Names
Common Names
Spreading Dogbane

Sources include: Wikipedia. All text shown in the "About" section of these pages is available under the Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License. Plant observation data provided by the participants of the California Consortia of Herbaria, Sunset information provided by Jepson Flora Project. Propogation from seed information provided by the Santa Barbara Botanical Garden from "Seed Propagation of Native California Plants" by Dara E. Emery. Sources of plant photos include CalPhotos, Wikimedia Commons, and independent plant photographers who have agreed to share their images with Calscape. Other general sources of information include Calflora, CNPS Manual of Vegetation Online, Jepson Flora Project, Las Pilitas, Theodore Payne, Tree of Life, The Xerces Society, and information provided by CNPS volunteer editors, with special thanks to Don Rideout. Climate data used in creation of plant range maps is from PRISM Climate Group, Oregon State University, using 30 year (1981-2010) annual "normals" at an 800 meter spatial resolution.

Links:   Jepson eFlora Taxon Page  CalPhotos  Wikipedia  Calflora

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