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Alopecurus aequalis

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About Shortawn Foxtail (Alopecurus aequalis) Alopecurus aequalis is a common species of grass known as shortawn foxtail or orange foxtail. It is native to much of the temperate Northern Hemisphere from Eurasia to North America, where it can be found in many types of habitat. This perennial bunchgrass is variable in appearance. It produces bunches of erect stems between 10 and about 70 centimeters in height. The leaves are short, rarely exceeding 10 centimeters long. The cylindrical inflorescence is a few centimeters long and blooms with white to yellow to bright orange anthers. Ecology. One variety of this species, var. sonomensis, is a rare California endemic grass which is federally listed as an endangered species of the United States.
Plant Description
Plant Type

Max. Height
0.33 - 2.5 ft (0.1 - 0.8 m)


Growth Rate

Flower Color
Green, Yellow, White, Orange

Flowering Season

Native Status

Natural Setting
Elevation ?
-7' - 12709'

Annual Precip. ?
1.9" - 93.1"

Summer Precip. ?
0.17" - 2.73"

Coldest Month ?
17.8° F - 59.9° F

Hottest Month ?
40.8° F - 88.0° F

Humidity ?
0.39 vpd - 45.69 vpd

Soil Description
Prefers loamy or clay soils. Grows poorly in sandy soils.

Landscaping Information
Nursery Availability
Never or Almost Never Available

Other Names
Common Names
Orange Foxtail

Sources include: Wikipedia. All text shown in the "About" section of these pages is available under the Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License. Plant observation data provided by the participants of the California Consortia of Herbaria, Sunset information provided by Jepson Flora Project. Propogation from seed information provided by the Santa Barbara Botanical Garden from "Seed Propagation of Native California Plants" by Dara E. Emery. Sources of plant photos include CalPhotos, Wikimedia Commons, and independent plant photographers who have agreed to share their images with Calscape. Other general sources of information include Calflora, CNPS Manual of Vegetation Online, Jepson Flora Project, Las Pilitas, Theodore Payne, Tree of Life, The Xerces Society, and information provided by CNPS volunteer editors, with special thanks to Don Rideout. Climate data used in creation of plant range maps is from PRISM Climate Group, Oregon State University, using 30 year (1981-2010) annual "normals" at an 800 meter spatial resolution.

Links:   Jepson eFlora Taxon Page  CalPhotos  Wikipedia  Calflora

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