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Sand Verbena
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Abronia latifolia
  

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About Sand Verbena (Abronia latifolia) Sand Verbena (Abronia latifolia) is a species of the Four O'Clock Family (Nyctaginaceae) native to the west coast of North America, from Santa Barbara County to the Canadian border, where it grows on beach dunes and sand dunes of coastal bars, river mouths, spits along the immediate coastline (0-10m elevation). Its National Vegetation Community Status (NVCS) is the Ambrosia chamissonis herbaceous alliance (dune mat). It grows in succulent mats where it has room to spread. It is an important plant in helping to stabilize dunes and resist erosion. It grows from a stout, fleshy root structure which are edible, traditionally eaten by the Chinook Indians. When stressed it will die back to the root, to sprout again when conditions are more favorable. It has attractive neatly-rounded heads of small, bright golden flowers and small, winged fruits. The individual flowers have no petals being composed of yellow bracts forming a trumpet-shaped calyx about the stamens. If given the proper conditions it will flower most of the year. It is geared for salt spray and will not tolerate regular water nor extreme drought.
Plant Description
Plant Type
Annual herb, Perennial herb

Max. Height
0.5 ft (0.2 m)

Max. Width
7 ft (2.1 m)

Form
Spreading

Growth Rate
Fast

Dormancy
Summer Deciduous

Leaves
Green, Fleshy, Succulent

Flower Color
Yellow

Flowering Season
Spring, Summer, Fall
Spring
Summer
Fall
Winter


Native Status
Native

Natural Setting
Site Type
Dunes, coastal strand

Sun
Sun

Elevation ?
-253' - 1386'

Annual Precip. ?
5.1" - 69.8"

Summer Precip. ?
0.19" - 1.98"

Coldest Month ?
44.5° F - 52.2° F

Hottest Month ?
55.6° F - 84.2° F

Humidity ?
0.01 vpd - 34.67 vpd

Soil Description
Coarse to fine-textured sands; very loose and free of organic debris

Soil Texture
Sand

Soil PH
5.0 - 7.0

Soil Toxicity Tolerance
Tolerates Saline Soil

Drainage
Fast

Cold Tolerance(° F)
Tolerates cold to 20 - degrees F

Companion Plants
Coastal plants such as other Verbena species (Abronia maritima, Abronia umbellata), Common Yarrow (Achillea millefolium), Silver Beachweed (Ambrosia chamissonis), Beach Sage (Artemisia pycnocephala), Saltbush species (Atriplex spp.), Cakile maritima, Morning-glory species (Calystegia spp.), Beach Evening Primrose (Camissoniopsis cheiranthifolia), Sandcarpet (Cardionema ramosissimum), Croton (Croton californicus), Seaside Daisy species (Erigeron spp.), Buckwheat species (Eriogonum latifolium, Eriogonum parvifolium), Seaside Woolly Sunflower (Eriophyllum staechadifolium), Wallflower (Erysimum spp.), Beach Strawberry (Fragaria chiloensis), Coastal Gumplant (Grindelia stricta), Silky Beach Pea (Lathyrus littoralis), Dunedelion (Malacothrix incana), Hummingbird Sage (Salvia spathacea), Penstemon species, Sand Dune Bluegrass (Poa douglasii). Emergent shrubs may be present at low cover including Coyote Bush (Baccharis pilularis), California Goldenbush (Ericameria ericoides), Lupine species (Lupinus spp.).

Wildlife Attracted
Butterflies

Landscaping Information
Popularity
Seldom Used

Max. Summer Water ?
No Summer Water
No Summer Water
1x/month
2x/month
3x/month
1/week
Keep moist


Common uses
Bee Gardens

Nursery Availability
Rarely Available

Other Names
Common Names
Yellow Sand Verbena Coastal Sand Verbena


Sources include: Wikipedia. All text shown in the "About" section of these pages is available under the Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License. Plant observation data provided by the participants of the California Consortia of Herbaria, Sunset information provided by Jepson Flora Project. Propogation from seed information provided by the Santa Barbara Botanical Garden from "Seed Propagation of Native California Plants" by Dara E. Emery. Sources of plant photos include CalPhotos, Wikimedia Commons, and independent plant photographers who have agreed to share their images with Calscape. Other general sources of information include Calflora, CNPS Manual of Vegetation Online, Jepson Flora Project, Las Pilitas, Theodore Payne, Tree of Life, The Xerces Society, and information provided by CNPS volunteer editors, with special thanks to Don Rideout. Climate data used in creation of plant range maps is from PRISM Climate Group, Oregon State University, using 30 year (1981-2010) annual "normals" at an 800 meter spatial resolution.

Links:   Jepson eFlora Taxon Page  CalPhotos  Wikipedia  Calflora

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