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Abies procera

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About Noble Fir (Abies procera) The Noble Fir (Abies procera) is a western North American fir, native to the Cascade Range and Coast Range mountains of extreme northwest California and western Oregon and Washington in the United States. It is a large evergreen tree typically up to 40-70 meter (130-230 feet) tall and 2 meter (6.5 feet) trunk diameter, rarely to 90 meter (295 feet) tall and 2.7 meter (8.9 feet) diameter, with a narrow conic crown. The bark on young trees is smooth, grey, and with resin blisters, becoming red-brown, rough and fissured on old trees. The leaves are needle-like, 1-3.5 centimeter long, waxy pale blue-green and a blunt to notched tip. They are arranged spirally on the shoot, but twisted slightly s-shaped to be upcurved above the shoot. The cones are erect, 11-22 centimeter long, with the Purple scales almost completely hidden by the long yellow-green leaf scales; ripening brown and disintegrating to release the winged seeds in fall.
Plant Description
Plant Type

Max. Height
25 - 279 ft (7.6 - 85 m)

Upright, Pyramidal

Growth Rate


Flowering Season

Native Status

Natural Setting
Shade, Part Shade

Elevation ?
56' - 7039'

Annual Precip. ?
59.7" - 150.3"

Summer Precip. ?
1.51" - 5.47"

Coldest Month ?
34.8° F - 46.7° F

Hottest Month ?
51.8° F - 63.4° F

Humidity ?
0.56 vpd - 15.53 vpd

Soil Description
Prefers sandy or loamy soils. Does not grow well in clay soils.

Sunset Zones ?
1*, 2*, 3*, 4, 5, 6*, 7, 14, 15, 16, 17

Landscaping Information
Ease of Care
Moderately Easy

Propagation ?
For propagating by seed: 2 wks. stratification or, for small lots, scarification (USDA Forest Service 1974).

Nursery Availability
Rarely Available

Sources include: Wikipedia. All text shown in the "About" section of these pages is available under the Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License. Plant observation data provided by the participants of the California Consortia of Herbaria, Sunset information provided by Jepson Flora Project. Propogation from seed information provided by the Santa Barbara Botanical Garden from "Seed Propagation of Native California Plants" by Dara E. Emery. Sources of plant photos include CalPhotos, Wikimedia Commons, and independent plant photographers who have agreed to share their images with Calscape. Other general sources of information include Calflora, CNPS Manual of Vegetation Online, Jepson Flora Project, Las Pilitas, Theodore Payne, Tree of Life, The Xerces Society, and information provided by CNPS volunteer editors, with special thanks to Don Rideout. Climate data used in creation of plant range maps is from PRISM Climate Group, Oregon State University, using 30 year (1981-2010) annual "normals" at an 800 meter spatial resolution.

Links:   Jepson eFlora Taxon Page  CalPhotos  Wikipedia  Calflora

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